There are many words, terms and jargon associated with Christianity - here we have tried to give a brief explanation of some that you may have heard, which might be helpful.....
Advent In Christian terms advent refers to earthly appearances of Jesus Christ, the first has been fulfilled in His physical birth, His second advent will be His return at the end of time.
Afterlife The state or condition of existence following the end of physical earthly life.
Agnostic A person who professes not to know or is uncertain about whether God exists
Angel A created spiritual being. The word Angel literally means messenger.
Antichrist An impersonator and opponent of Jesus Christ.
Anti-Semitism Hatred of Jewish people, often includes persecution.
Apostles Creed A statement of faith generally accepted by Christian churches and believed to be directly from the twelve apostles (Jesus' 12 disciples). In its present form the creed probably dates from about A.D. 700.
Atheist A person who believes that there is no God.
Atonement The aspect of the work of Jesus Christ, and particularly His death, that makes possible the restoration of fellowship between individual believers and.
Baptism An outward act of repentance where a person is dipped, immersed or sprinkled with water.
Baptism, Infant Believed by Roman Catholics and Lutherans to bring about regeneration, whilst Presbyterian and Reformed denominations see it as a sign of dedication and covenant.
Baptism, Believers Baptism after a person professes a personal faith in Jesus Christ as their saviour.
Big-Bang Theory A cosmological theory according to which the universe began with all matter concentrated in one place. Following a tremendous explosion matter spread to form the universe.
Blasphemy Slanderous, irreverent or insulting comments against God which includes takening the name God and Jesus as as curse word.
Body of Christ Metaphorically the church, literally the physical nature of Jesus Christ
Buddhism Eastern religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama (ca. 566-486 B.C.).
Calvinism The teaching of John Calvin the early church reformer (1509-1564) particularly as to the doctrine of predestination, according to which God sovereignly chooses some to salvation simply by His free will and unmerited grace.
Charismatic movement A Christian movement that began in the 1950s, they specifically emphasize the charismatic gifts and phenomena
Christian One who believes in Jesus Christ and seeks to live according to His teachings.
Church True believers in Jesus Christ, universally all believers and particularly a group of believers. gathered in one place
Creationism Belief that the universe and life originated from definite action by God rather than from chance.
Cults Groups that frequently practice strong social control over members and are heretical in one or more significant respect. They often practice forms of brainwashing to gain and retain converts.
Devil The Devil or Satan is the supreme evil spiritual being, who rebelled against God and now is engaged in opposing Him. At the end of time he will finally be subdued by God.
Ecumenism The attempt to bring about unity among believers, it may be through cooperation or merger
Eisegesis The practice of reading meaning into a biblical text, as opposed to the practice of drawing out the meaning already there (exegesis).
Emmanuel A name for Jesus which means God with us.
End of the World The conclusion of earthly history. In Christian thinking, it will be brought about by the second coming of Jesus Christ.
Eschatology The study of the last things or the future generally.
Eternal death The finalization of spiritual death: the permanent separation of the sinner from God.
Eternal life The life given to believers; it surpasses natural life in quality and also extends beyond this life.
Evangelicalism A movement in modern Christianity emphasizing the gospel of forgiveness and regeneration through personal faith in Jesus Christ and affirming orthodox teaching.
Faith Belief in and commitment to something or someone. Christian faith is specifically a complete trust in Jesus Christ and His work as the basis of a relationship with God.
Free Churches Churches that are not allied with any state structure and have traditionally opposed such affiliation.
Spiritual Gifts Special endowments of the church by the Holy Spirit, whether unusual abilities, spiritual qualities, or gifted individuals. A list of spiritual gifts can be found in the New Testament.
Glossolalia The practice of speaking in tongues as recorded in the New Testament. Some Christians consider it a gift of the Holy Spirit to be practiced even today.
Gnosticism A movement dating from early Christianity, which teaches that matter is evil, denies the humanity of Jesus and emphasizes a special higher truth.
Gospel The message of salvation offered by God to all who believe in Jesus Christ.
The Gospels Name given to the first four books of the New Testament, which recount the life and teachings of Jesus.
Grace God?s dealing with humans in undeserved ways; it is simply an outflow of God?s goodness and generosity.
An unparalleled period of great anguish and trouble at the end of time
Hallelujah A Hebrew word meaning ?praise the Lord?.
Heaven The future abode of Christian believers. A place of complete happiness and joy, it is distinguished especially by the presence of God.
Hinduism An Eastern religion that includes among its teaching reincarnation, karma, and nirvana - that is, absorption of the individual into the whole of reality. This absorption ends the cycles of birth and rebirth.
Holy Ghost A term for the Holy Spirit used particularly in the King James version of the Bible
Homosexuality Sexual attraction to persons of the same sex - this is homosexual orientation. A person who actually participates in physical sexual acts with someone of the same sex is engaged in homosexual practice.
Idolatry is the religion of sight in opposition to that of faith. Instead of the unseen creator man regarded that which was visible the sun moon the stars as the cause and the ruler of all or he assigned to everything its deity and thus had gods many and lords many or else converted his heroes real or imaginary into gods
House church An informal group of believers who meet in private homes rather than church buildings for prayer, study, worship, and fellowship. The house church (house groups) may sometimes be part of a larger fellowship that meet altogether at other times
Islam The religion founded by Mohammed and based on his teachings.
Mass A Roman Church term for the Eucharist or Lord?s Supper. Since the fourth century, it has referred to the whole of the service in which Communion is observed.
Mohammed (ca, 570-651) Arab religious leader who, claiming to have received a revelation from God (which was written down as the Koran), became the founder of Islam, which regards him as the final and supreme prophet of God.
Mysticism A form of religious practice that seeks a direct knowledge of God rather than a reasoned or intellectual knowledge of him.
New Age religion A growing religion in the West that has its roots in the East and believes that God and the universe are the same. It sees speaks of the divine in all persons.
New life The spiritual life given by Christ to the believer: the deadening effect of sin is negated, and new spiritual ability is instilled. (See Born Again)
New Testament The twenty-seven books that the church accepts as God?s authoritative revelation about the life of Christ and the Mission of the church
Non-Christian religions World faiths that are contradictory to the Christian religion; for example, Hinduism Buddhism, Judaism, and Islam.
Non-denominational church A church that does not identify itself with any particular confessional or organizational stance. It may sometimes identify itself as a community or Bible church.
Occult That which is hidden or secret. The term often refers to practices such spiritism and fortunetelling.
Old Testament The thirty-nine biblical books that were gathered by the Jewish people and were generally recognized at the time of Jesus Christ as being authoritative.
Only begotten An expression emphasising Jesus Christ?s uniqueness as the Son of God.
Original sin The effect of the sin of our predecessors, and particularly of Adam, upon us. Affecting our behaviour independent of and prior to any action of our own, original sin may include both corruption of human nature and guilt (or liability to punishment).
Paganism In general, religious and ethical systems other than Christianity.
Priesthood of all believers A reference to the idea that each person, through Jesus Christ, has direct access to God - there is no need of an intermediary; also, the idea that each believer is capable of acting as a priest for others.
Protestantism The branch of Christianity that in the sixteenth century separated from the Roman Catholic Church in protest against certain of its practices. In the broadest sense, Protestantism includes all Christian groups that are neither Roman Catholic nor Eastern Orthodox.
Repentance Seeing our wrong doing as God would; that it is sin. A genuine sorrow for one?s sin and a resolve to turn from it.
Salvation The divine act of delivering a believer from the power and curse of sin and death; and then restoring that individual to the fellowship with God for which humans were originally intended.
Salvation by Grace A free gift undeserved by the recipient made available through God's amazing love.
Salvation by works A reference to the belief that by performing certain virtuous deeds it is possible to qualify for divine favour and salvation.
Spiritualism The belief and practice of those who seek to make contact with dead persons, particularly through Mediums
Unitarians Generally, all those who hold that God is but one in person; specifically, members of an organized religious group with that belief.
Witchcraft Sorcery involving magical rites, particularly with malevolent intent. The term may also refer to an irresistible influence or fascination.