cornerstone church North walsham

words and jargon explained

There are many words, terms and jargon associated with Christianity
- here we have tried to give a brief explanation of some that you may
have heard, which might be helpful.....

  • Advent
    In Christian terms advent refers to earthly appearances of Jesus Christ, the first has been
    fulfilled in His physical birth, His second advent will be His return at the end of time.
  • Afterlife
    The state or condition of existence following the end of physical earthly life.
  • Agnostic
    A person who professes not to know or is uncertain about whether God exists
  • Angel
    A created spiritual being. The word Angel literally means messenger.
  • Antichrist
    An impersonator and opponent of Jesus Christ.
  • Anti-Semitism
    Hatred of Jewish people, often includes persecution.
  • Apostles Creed
    A statement of faith generally accepted by Christian churches and believed to be directly from
    the twelve apostles (Jesus' 12 disciples). In its present form the creed probably dates from
    about A.D. 700.
  • Atheist
    A person who believes that there is no God.
  • Atonement
    The aspect of the work of Jesus Christ, and particularly His death, that makes possible the
    restoration of fellowship between individual believers and.
  • Baptism
    An outward act of repentance where a person is dipped, immersed or sprinkled with water.
  • Baptism, Infant
    Believed by Roman Catholics and Lutherans to bring about regeneration, whilst Presbyterian
    and Reformed denominations see it as a sign of dedication and covenant.
  • Baptism, Believers
    Baptism after a person professes a personal faith in Jesus Christ as their saviour.
  • Big-Bang Theory
    A cosmological theory according to which the universe began with all matter concentrated in
    one place. Following a tremendous explosion matter spread to form the universe.
  • Blasphemy
    Slanderous, irreverent or insulting comments against God which includes takening the name God
    and Jesus as as curse word.
  • Body of Christ
    Metaphorically the church, literally the physical nature of Jesus Christ
  • Buddhism
    Eastern religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama (ca. 566-486 B.C.).
  • Calvinism
    The teaching of John Calvin the early church reformer (1509-1564) particularly as to the
    doctrine of predestination, according to which God sovereignly chooses some to salvation
    simply by His free will and unmerited grace.
  • Charismatic movement
    A Christian movement that began in the 1950s, they specifically emphasize the charismatic
    gifts and phenomena
  • Christian
    One who believes in Jesus Christ and seeks to live according to His teachings.
  • Church
    True believers in Jesus Christ, universally all believers and particularly a group of believers.
    gathered in one place
  • Creationism
    Belief that the universe and life originated from definite action by God rather than from chance.
  • Cults
    Groups that frequently practice strong social control over members and are heretical in one or
    more significant respect. They often practice forms of brainwashing to gain and retain
  • Devil
    The Devil or Satan is the supreme evil spiritual being, who rebelled against God and now is
    engaged in opposing Him. At the end of time he will finally be subdued by God.
  • Ecumenism
    The attempt to bring about unity among believers, it may be through cooperation or merger
  • Eisegesis
    The practice of reading meaning into a biblical text, as opposed to the practice of drawing out
    the meaning already there (exegesis).
  • Emmanuel
    A name for Jesus which means God with us.
  • End of the World
    The conclusion of earthly history. In Christian thinking, it will be brought about by the second
    coming of Jesus Christ.
  • Eschatology
    The study of the last things or the future generally.
  • Eternal death
    The finalization of spiritual death: the permanent separation of the sinner from God.
  • Eternal life
    The life given to believers; it surpasses natural life in quality and also extends beyond this life.
  • Evangelicalism
    A movement in modern Christianity emphasizing the gospel of forgiveness and regeneration
    through personal faith in Jesus Christ and affirming orthodox teaching.
  • Faith
    Belief in and commitment to something or someone. Christian faith is specifically a complete
    trust in Jesus Christ and His work as the basis of a relationship with God.
  • Free
    Churches Churches that are not allied with any state structure and have traditionally
    opposed such affiliation.
  • Spiritual Gifts
    Special endowments of the church by the Holy Spirit, whether unusual abilities, spiritual
    qualities, or gifted individuals. A list of spiritual gifts can be found in the New Testament.
  • Glossolalia
    The practice of speaking in tongues as recorded in the New Testament. Some
    Christians consider it a gift of the Holy Spirit to be practiced even today.
  • Gnosticism
    A movement dating from early Christianity, which teaches that matter is evil, denies
    the humanity of Jesus and emphasizes a special higher truth.
  • Gospel
    The message of salvation offered by God to all who believe in Jesus Christ.
  • The Gospels
    Name given to the first four books of the New Testament, which recount the life and teachings of
  • Grace
    God?s dealing with humans in undeserved ways; it is simply an outflow
    of God?s goodness and generosity.
  • Great tribulation
  • An unparalleled period of great anguish and trouble at the end of time
  • Hallelujah
    A Hebrew word meaning ?praise the Lord?.
  • Heaven
    The future abode of Christian believers. A place of complete happiness
    and joy, it is distinguished especially by the presence of God.
  • Hinduism
    An Eastern religion that includes among its teaching reincarnation, karma, and nirvana - that is,
    absorption of the individual into the whole of reality. This absorption ends the cycles
    of birth and rebirth.
  • Holy Ghost
    A term for the Holy Spirit used particularly in the King James version of the Bible
  • Homosexuality
    Sexual attraction to persons of the same sex - this is homosexual orientation. A person who
    actually participates in physical sexual acts with someone of the same sex is engaged in
    homosexual practice.
  • Idolatry is the religion of sight in opposition to that of faith. Instead of the unseen creator man regarded that which was visible the sun moon the stars as the cause and the ruler of all or he assigned to everything its deity and thus had gods many and lords many or else converted his heroes real or imaginary into gods

  • House church
    An informal group of believers who meet in private homes rather than church buildings for
    prayer, study, worship, and fellowship. The house church (house groups) may sometimes be
    part of a larger fellowship that meet altogether at other times
  • Islam
    The religion founded by Mohammed and based on his teachings.
  • Mass
    A Roman Church term for the Eucharist or Lord?s Supper. Since the fourth century, it
    has referred to the whole of the service in which Communion is observed.
  • Mohammed (ca, 570-651)
    Arab religious leader who, claiming to have received a revelation from God (which was written
    down as the Koran), became the founder of Islam, which regards him as the final and
    supreme prophet of God.
  • Mysticism
    A form of religious practice that seeks a direct knowledge of God rather than a reasoned or intellectual
    knowledge of him.
  • New Age religion
    A growing religion in the West that has its roots in the East and believes that God and the
    universe are the same. It sees speaks of the divine in all persons.
  • New life
    The spiritual life given by Christ to the believer: the deadening effect of sin is negated, and
    new spiritual ability is instilled.  (See Born Again)
  • New Testament
    The twenty-seven books that the church accepts as God?s authoritative revelation about the
    life of Christ and the Mission of the church
  • Non-Christian religions
    World faiths that are contradictory to the Christian religion; for example, Hinduism Buddhism,
    Judaism, and Islam.
  • Non-denominational church
    A church that does not identify itself with any particular confessional or organizational
    stance. It may sometimes identify itself as a community or Bible church.
  • Occult
    That which is hidden or secret. The term often refers to practices such spiritism and
  • Old Testament
    The thirty-nine biblical books that were gathered by the Jewish people and were generally
    recognized at the time of Jesus Christ as being authoritative.
  • Only begotten
    An expression emphasising Jesus Christ?s uniqueness as the Son of God.
  • Original sin
    The effect of the sin of our predecessors, and particularly of Adam, upon us. Affecting our
    behaviour independent of and prior to any action of our own, original sin may include both corruption
    of human nature and guilt (or liability to punishment).
  • Paganism
    In general, religious and ethical systems other than Christianity.
  • Priesthood of all believers
    A reference to the idea that each person, through Jesus Christ, has direct access to God -
    there is no need of an intermediary; also, the idea that each believer is capable of acting
    as a priest for others.
  • Protestantism
    The branch of Christianity that in the sixteenth century separated from the Roman Catholic
    Church in protest against certain of its practices. In the broadest sense, Protestantism
    includes all Christian groups that are neither Roman Catholic nor Eastern Orthodox.
  • Repentance
    Seeing our wrong doing as God would; that it is sin. A genuine sorrow for one?s sin and a
    resolve to turn from it.
  • Salvation
    The divine act of delivering a believer from the power and curse of sin and death; and then
    restoring that individual to the fellowship with God for which humans were originally intended.
  • Salvation by Grace
    A free gift undeserved by the recipient made available through God's amazing love.
  • Salvation by works
    A reference to the belief that by performing certain virtuous deeds it is possible to qualify for
    divine favour and salvation.
  • Spiritualism
    The belief and practice of those who seek to make contact with dead persons, particularly
    through Mediums
  • Unitarians
    Generally, all those who hold that God is but one in person; specifically, members of an
    organized religious group with that belief.
  • Witchcraft
    Sorcery involving magical rites, particularly with malevolent intent. The term may also refer to
    an irresistible influence or fascination.

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