cornerstone church North walsham

Christian Church or What?

A brief guide to Christian Denominations


2.Non-Denominational Churches
Non-denominational churches are those not formally aligned with established.
denominations, or that remain otherwise officially autonomous and independent.
Members of non-denominational churches often consider themselves simply "Christians".
They generally accept and align themselves with basic orthodox core beliefs of accepted
Christian doctrine.

The Jesus Army
Also known as the Jesus Fellowship Church.
Is a neocharismatic evangelical Christian movement based in the United Kingdom.
It was founded in 1969.
The Jesus Army frequently engages in evangelistic activities in public places, seeking
through outreach to demonstrate the love of Jesus and the moving of the Holy Spirit
The slogan of the Jesus Army is ‘Love, Power & Sacrifice.

Plymouth Brethren
A group that originated in Dublin, Ireland, but formed its first congregation in Plymouth,
England, in 1831 as a reaction against the established Church of England.
The services are simple, and there are no ordained clergymen.
They generally accept and align themselves with basic orthodox core beliefs of accepted
Christian doctrine.

Seventh-day Adventist

Distinguished by their observance of Saturday as the Sabbath, and by its emphasis on
the imminent second coming of Jesus Christ.
Much of the theology of the Seventh-day Adventist Church corresponds to Protestant
Christian teachings such as the Trinity and the infallibility of scripture.

3. Other organisations with unorthodox "Christian teaching" not generally in
consensus with orthodox Christian core beliefs.

The Roman Catholic Church
The Church teaches that it is the original Church that was founded by Jesus upon
the apostles, among whom Simon Peter was chief.
the Bishop of Rome (the Pope) is the successor of Peter and possesses a
universal importance of legal power and pastoral care and sole authority next to God.
its bishops, through apostolic succession, are consecrated successors of the apostles.
Catholic beliefs are based on the deposit of faith containing both the Bible and sacred
tradition handed down from the time of the apostles, which are interpreted by the
Church's teaching authority.
Those beliefs are formally detailed in the catechism of the Catholic Church.
Formal Catholic worship is called the liturgy.
The Eucharist is the central component of Catholic worship.
The Roman church teaches that grace is received by a combination of faith plus works
(sacraments,religious rites or human endeavour.

Quakers (Society of Friends)
Quakers are members of a group with Christian roots that began in England in the
1650s The formal title of the movement is the Society of Friends or the Religious Society of
Quakers believe that there is something of God in everybody and
that each human being is of unique worth.
This is why Quakers value all people equally, and oppose anything that may harm or
threaten them.
Quakers seek religious truth in inner experience, and place great reliance on conscience
as the basis of morality.
They emphasise direct experience of God rather than ritual and ceremony.
They believe that priests and rituals are an unnecessary obstruction between the believer
and God.
Quakers integrate religion and everyday life.
They believe that God can be found in the middle of everyday life and human
relationships, as much as during a meeting for worship.

Unitarian’s do not believe in the Trinity (God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy
Spirit) but teaches belief in the single personality of God.
The movement has come to be associated with liberal Christian beliefs, adhering to strict
monotheism, they maintain that Jesus was a great man and a prophet of God, perhaps
even a supernatural being, but not God himself.
They believe that Jesus did not claim to be God, nor did his teachings hint at the existence
of a triune God.
Unitarians believe in the moral authority, but not necessarily the divinity, of Jesus.
Their theology is thus distinguishable from the Trinitarian theology of most Christian
denominations, which hold the idea of a triune God as a core belief.

Latter Day Saints or Mormons
The Latter Day Saint movement follow at least some of the teaching of a Joseph Smith,
publisher of the book of Mormon in 1830.
They held a strong belief that a purer form of Christianity should be restored using the
early church as a model, seeking to surpass protestant denominationism and to restore
a form of Christianity thought to be more consistent with the New Testament.
The Book of Mormon is regarded not only as scripture, but as a historical record of
dealings with the ancient inhabitants of America.
According to Smith it was originally written in otherwise unknown characters referred to
as "reformed Egyptian" on golden plates.
Smith said that he received these plates in 1827 from an angel named Moroni,
a resurrected indigenous American who wrote part of the book over a millennium ago
The Book of Mormon has a number of original and distinctive doctrinal discussions on
subjects such as the fall of Adam and Eve, the nature of the atonement, eschatology,
redemption from physical and spiritual death, and the organization of the latter day church.

Jehovah's Witnesses
Founded by Charles Taze Russell in the 1870s, this movement rejects the doctrine of
the Trinity and the traditional view of the person and work of Jesus Christ.
At some points it follows extremely literal interpretations of the Bible.
Best known for their door-to-door preaching, distribution of literature such as the
Watchtower and Awake.
They consider the use of the name Jehovah - vital for proper worship.
They reject Trinitarianism, immortality of the soul, and hellfire, which they consider to be
unscriptural doctrines.
They do not observe celebrations such as Christmas, Easter or birthdays, which they
believe have pagan origins that are not compatible with Christianity.
They are directed by a governing body of elders which exercises authority on all doctrinal
Witnesses base their beliefs on the Bible, and prefer their own translation, the New World
Translation, to otherversions.

Christadelphians state that their beliefs are based wholly on the Bible, and that they
accept no other texts as inspired by God.
They believe that God is the creator of all things and the father of true believers.
However, they do not accept the doctrine of the trinity as they believe that God is a
separate being from his son, Jesus Christ,and that the Holy Spirit is the power of God
used in creation and for salvation, not a person of the trinity.
Marriage and family life are important to them.
Christadelphians believe that sexual relationships are limited to heterosexual marriage,
ideally between baptised believers.

Christian Science
A religious system founded by Mary Baker Eddy in 1879.
Her writings are regarded by her followers as the authoritative interpretation of the Bible.
It is an idealism in which sin and death are unreal, so humans can avoid sickness and
do not need atonement.

Unification Church
A twentieth-century cult that was founded in Korea by Sun Myung Moon.
It holds that because Jesus did not marry, his work of redemption was only spiritual.
Consequently, there must yet be another messiah, the lord of the second advent, to bring
about physical redemption.
In his book "Divine Principles", Moon implies that the lord of the second advent will be
born in Korea and that all religions will unite under him.
Some believe that Moon is that messiah; however, he has never made that claim officially.
Followers of the movement, who are popularly called “Moonies,” have received
considerable publicity despite the fact that they number less than one million persons.